WHAT IS A BULB?
A BULB is a nutritional unit that sustains the plant when it’s to cold or to hot to flower. It stores the plant’s food during it’s dormant period, (Late Spring, when the foliage dies – to early Fall when roots form for a new growth cycle.)
TWO CLASSIFICATIONS OF BULBS:
HARDY BULBS are cold insensitive, Spring blooming Bulbs. Varieties of Hardy Bulbs include: Tulips, Crocus, Daffodils, Hyacinth, Anemone, Iris, Freesia, Narcissus.
Some HARDY BULBS are Fall – Winter blooming Bulbs. A common variety of this Hardy Bulb is Cyclamen.
TENDER BULBS are cold sensitive, Summer blooming, Bulbs. In climate (ZONES 4 – 8), Tender Bulbs generally will not survive the winter months. In these zones, Tender Bulbs are planted in the early Spring, after the ground warms up, then you dig them up in the late Fall to store for the Winter. Varieties of Tender Bulbs include Elephant’s Ear, Caladium, Gladiolus, Canna, Dahlia.
PLANT ALL BULBS as soon as u buy them. If you need to store Hardy or Tender Bulbs, keep them in a cool, dry place like your garage or basement. Warmth and moisture will signal the Bulbs to start growing. Occasionally check for mold or softness.
TULIPS AND DAFFODILS are blended here to perfection. This was designed with your front walkway in mind. Create interest and beauty by planting Hardy hot pink Tulips and gorgeous two-tone Daffodils. In March and April, you can look for Daffodils first, thenTulips in your garden.
NARCISSUS (Also known as Paperwhites) are lively, perky Spring flowering bulbs that produce a strong, pure-white cluster of star-shaped flowers with an intense fragrance.
WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT BULBS
WHEN TO PLANT BULBS & WHEN TO CUT BACK BULBS
HARDY BULBS are planted in Fall, any time before the ground freezes. This is because Bulbs require a long cool temperature period to spark their growth process.
TENDER BULBS are planted in the early Spring, after the ground defrosts.
After the BULB”S FLOWER FADES, allow the leafy foliage to die back naturally. This process takes about 8 weeks but is vital to the preservation of the plant.
ARE BULBS PERENNIAL?
A FREQUENT MISCONCEPTION about Bulbs is that they are annual plants and do not come back year after year with the same vigor. Through photosynthesis, the leafy foliage reinvigorates the bulb. After the flower blooms and fades, you should remove the spent flowers. Respect the green foliage and allowed the plant to die back naturally. This rejuvenation process takes approximately 8 weeks to complete. The plant is now in a dormant state and can be cut back to 1” – 2” from ground.
HOW TO PLANT BULBS!
TO ENCOURAGE REPEAT PERFORMANCE: *I recommend planting Bulbs in a well drained area. *Plant the Bulbs Deep! The depth of the planting area should equal 4x the height of the bulb. *It is quickest and easiest to dig an entire planting bed, instead of one hole at a time. *Place Bulbs in planting bed with pointed end up. *Sprinkle Bulb food like “Organic Bone Meal Fertilizer” on top of the Bulbs. *Backfill the planting bed with soil. *Adding Mulch? Include the mulch in your calculations.
ZONE & CLIMATE CONTROL
*In COLD CLIMATES (ZONE 1 -4), Hardy Bulb planting can be done as early as late August – September.
*In (ZONE 4 – 7), Hardy Bulb planting can be done between September – November.
*In WARM CLIMATES (ZONE 9), you need to cool Hardy Bulbs before planting. With the exception of Daffodils and Narcissus, refrigerate Hardy Bulbs at a temperature of 40F – 45F, for a minimum of 6 – 16 weeks.
COMMONLY you have read, “The Rule of Thumb” is to plant Bulbs at a depth 3x their height. Interpreting this means, if a Daffodil Bulb is approximately 2” tall, you should dig a hole 6” deep.
I DISAGREE… I recommend planting Bulbs at a minimum depth of 4x the height of the Bulb. Digging deep, encourages the Bulb to come back vigorously year after year. This also deters predators from reaching and eating the bulbs.